Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Allama Fadle Haq Khairabadi (R.A.) , the Hero of 1857 War of Independence against The British . Author -- Maulana Muhammad A K Azad

One hundred and fifty years of the revolt of  1857  completed in 2007. The whole country  remembered this War of Independence and paid glowing tributes to its  valiant and daring warriors. I dedicate the book of mine “Zakir Naik’s Lie & Deception on Yazeed The Villain” to Allama Fadle Haq Khairabadi (R.A.), the great hero of First War of Independence and  all the Muslim Muzaheeds and Ulemas who took part in this War of Independence against the British.

Indian historians belonging  to majority  community wiped out contribution of Muslims especially of  Ulama from the 1857’s  first war of independence .But Alhamdulillah, confessions by the English Government, western historians and thousands of preserved documents in libraries demonstrate  that the initiator and connivers of this revolt were no other than Muslims, especially Ulama. As a result of this offence, the English Government paralyzed them politically, socially, educationally and economically in such a way that till date they can’t stand at par with majority. Britishers’s Cordiality with Hindus and discriminatory attitude towards Muslims led to the partition of India.  After the revolt of 1857,  General Russell wrote a letter to London newspaper “The Times” In which he writes:“The antagonism we share with the devotees of Mohammad is more severe than the enmity we have with the devotees of Shiva and Vishnu. Muslims are more dangerous for our regime. It will prove a pious deed if we get successful in erasing Hadith and places of worship of followers of Mohammad from the face of the world”. On 10th May, 2007, ‘The Times of India’ openly confessed about the revolt of 1857 that:The main targets of the suppression were the Muslim Ulama, weavers and peasants, since the British blamed them for being the mastermind behind the revolt”.

 Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi writes :  “During the revolt of 1857, the Ulama as a religious duty, issued the fatwa of  jihad against the English; practically participated in the war; encouraged the Mujahideen and led the revolutionary insurgents. The most prominent among them was Maulana Ahmadullah Shah Madrasi who in compliance with the order of his Peer-o-Murshid (Spiritual mentor) was leading a campaign against the English.The names of other leading Ulama who played a pivotal roles in the revolt of 1857 are as follows: Mufti Sadruddin Azurda, Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi, Maulana Faiz Ahmad Badayuni, Maulana Kifayat Ali Kafi Moradabadi, Maulana wahhajjuddin Moradabadi, Mufti Inayat Ahmad Kakorvi, Moulana Rahmatullah Kairanvi, Maulana Dr. Wazir Khan Akkarabadi, and Maulana Imam Baksh  Sahbai Dehlavi. According to books dealing with the revolt, around fifteen thousand Ulama were martyred during the War of Independence in 1857.
The above mentioned Ulama were ideologically and practically inspired, in one way or the other, by the following Ulama who were their predecessors also.Hazrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlavi (d.1176/1762) (2) Hazrat  Mirza Mazhar Jaan-i-Jaanan Mujaddidi Dehlavi (d.1195/1781) (3) Hazrat shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlavi (d.1239/1824) (4) Hazrat Qazi Sana’ullah Panipati (d.1225/1810) (5) Hazrat shah Rafiuddin Muhaddith Dehlwi (d.1233/1818) (6) Hazrat Mufti Iwaz Barelwi (d.1236/1821) (7) Hazrat Mufti Sharfuddin Rampur (d.1268/1852) [ Ref : Some Prominent Ulema of 1857 Revolt  By Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi, Founder Darul Qalam Delhi)]

Fatwa of Jihad against BritishBy Allama  Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi ( R.A.):With his writings   Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi  roused a sense of patriotism among the Indian masses particularly Muslims and inspired them to fight against the colonial rule to achieve independence.  Maulana Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi said:
The English prepared a scheme to Christianize all the Indian inhabitants. It was their belief that the Indians would not be able to find any helper and cooperator, and therefore save submit and obey, they would not have the nerve to defy them. The English had thoroughly realized that the ruler’s variance from the ruled on the basis of religion would be a great stumbling block in the way of domination and possession. Hence they began to indulge in all sorts of wiles and chicanery with complete diligence and assiduity, in their willful attempt to obliterate religion and the sense of nationhood. To teach small children and the ignorant and to inculcate their language and religion, they established schools in towns and villages and made an all out effort to wipe out the old sciences and academic attainments.” [^darululoom-deoband via Wikipedia]

Allama fazale haq khairabadi depicted the British conspiracy  of  Making Westernisation of the Muslims  in these words :
They (English Government) knew well that the differences between ruling authorities and masses on religious grounds will prove a stumbling block in their way of conquering and overpowering and will witness outbreak of revolution among the sultanate. So, they attempted malicious ways to eradicate religion, they opened Madarsas in villages and remote areas to promulgate Christianity and to educate children and leave no stone unturned in closing down of Madarsas and schools and eliminating learning and knowledge of preceding age”.He further says that:“Apart from these approaches there were some objectives hidden deep inside their hearts, for example to stop Muslims from circumcision, to put an end to purdah of Muslim ladies, they mean to bring all the religious practices and customs to an end”.  [ The First war of independence and its key connivers By:Khushtar Noorani]


Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi writes : “Allama Fazle Haq Khairadabadi (1212/1791-1278/1861) was the son of Allama Fazle Imam Farooqi Khairadabadi (d.1244/1829), the Sadrus Sudoor of Delhi.  Allama Fazle Haq received his education in Islamic Sciences from Shah Abdul Qadir (d. 1230/1815) and Shah Abdul Aziz, the Muhaddith of Delhi (1239/1824) and in rational sciences from his father. At the age of 13, he completed his education and engaged himself in teaching. Then, he took up service with the government in 1815.
When, at the invitation of Faiz Mohammed Khan, the Nawab of Jhajjar (Punjab), he was leaving Delhi for Jhajjar, Bahadur Shah Zafar, expressing his deep sorrow and grief, gave him a Doshaalah (an embroidered Shawl/ a double folded shawl) and, with tearful eyes, saw him off. He also said. “ Since you are ready to leave, I have no choice but approve of your departure. But, Allah Knows well that it is extremely difficult for me to utter the word ‘Good-Bye’.” (Yaad Gaar-e-Ghalib, Dehli)
After his stay at Jhajjar, he was employed at Alwar, Tonk and Rampur. Then he went to Lucknow and became the Sadrus Sudoor and Mohtamim-i-Huzoor-i-Tehsil (official in charge of a tehsil). He was also a Sar-rishtadar (magistrate) in Delhi also. He held a post at Saharanpur too. He wrote some very important books. He also produced disciples who latter on became well known scholars of their age.
There was a fast friendship among Mufti Sadruddin Azurda Dehlavi, Allama Fazle Haq Khairadabadi, and Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib. It was Allama’s advice and selection that helped Ghalib arrange his ‘Diwan-i-Ghalib’. According to Mohammed Husain Azad, this is the very version which the readers hold dear these days. (Aab-i-Hayat, Delhi) the houses of Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi and Mufti Sadruddin Azurda were the meeting places of the Ulama, Poets, and literary figures.
When the revolt broke out in 1857, he came from Alwar to Delhi several times and met Bahadur Shah Zafar. This continued since May. Then, when General Bakht Khan, along with his fourteen thousand soldiers, came for Bareilly to Delhi, according to Munshi Zaka’ullah of Delhi, Allama delivered a speech in front of the Ulama in the Jamia Masjid after the Friday prayer. He put fourth an istifta (query seeking legal advice on a point of religious importance) before the Ulama the fatwa (legal advice/ opinion ) was signed by Mufti Sadruddin Azurda, Maulvi Abdul Qadir, Qazi Faizullah Dehlavi, Maulana Faiz Ahmed Badayuni, Dr. Maulvi Wazir Khan Akbarabadi, Syed Mubaraksha Rampuri as soon as these fatwa was published disturbance and tumult intensified throughout the country. Some ninety thousand soldiers gathered in delhi. (Zak’ullah, Taarikh-i-‘Urooj-i-Saltanat-i-Englishiah, Delhi)
When the English regained their control over Delhi, Allama Fazle Haq left Delhi and went to Awadh. A case was filed against him in 1859. He was tried to in a court for rebellion and was sentenced to imprisonment in Kaala Paani (Andaman Nicobar). He himself defended his case and declared in the court that it was he who had issued the fatwa of jihad and stuck to his stand. Maulana Abdul Haq (1244/1828-1316/1898), the son of Allama Fazle Haq, was the principal of Madrasa Alia in Calcutta. W.W. Hunter writes about him: He (Abdul Haq) is the son of the rebel Alim whom the government has sentenced to imprisonment in the Kaala Paani (Andaman Nicobar) and whose library was confiscated and brought to Calcutta. (W.W. Hunter, Hamare Hindustani Mussalamaan,[Urdu] p.203, Delhi)

Maulana Abdul Shahid Shervani of Aligarh, the biographer of Allama and translator of his famous book ‘ Al-Sauratul Hindia’ (the Indian Mutiny) writes, “ Maulana Abdul Haq Khairabadi had made his last will that he should be informed in his grave when the English would leave the country. Therefore, Syed Najmul Hasan Rizvi, along with a big crowd, visited the grave in the Dargaah-i-Makhdoomiah, at Khairabad in Sitapur and read the Fatiha after Milaad Shareef. (Muqadimmah (Introduction to) Zubadatul Hikmah, p.12, Aligarh, 1949) Allamah Fazle Haq Passed away in Andaman Nicobar (Kaala Paani) in 1861 and was buried over there. [Some Prominent Ulema of 1857 Revolt  By Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi, Founder Darul Qalam Delhi)]

          Madam Polonaskaya, An Honourable Member of Science Academy of Soviet Union, shed light on the political activities of Allama Fazle Haq ( R.A.) and emphasized that Allama Khairabadi’s social and political goal were to liberate India from the bondage of the imperialist British. ( Ref: Fortnightly Soviet Desh, 10th July 1958). Renowned Journalist of Delhi Mr. Chunilal wrote that “Moulvi Fazle Haq instigated the masses through his speech.” ( Ref: Akhbare Delhi Page 273 File No. 127). Deobandi Scholars Maulana Hussain Ahmrd Madni, Mustaqim Ahsan Hamidi, Golam Rasul Meher , Golam Ahmed Mortuza, Maulana Mohiuddin Khan etc. also discussed Allama Fazle Haq’s indomitable movement in their books Naqshe Hayat, Bagiye Hindustan, 1857 Ke Muzahid etc.

           Ismail Dehlawi, Raza Rammohan Roy, Syed Ahmed Brelvi etc  are freedom fighters ??? :  Due to the conspiracy of the enemies of Islam, the life and works of Fazl-e Haq Khairabadi gains no attention. What an irony is that  the agents of The British  like Bankim Chandra Chaterrjee, Raza Rammohan Roy, Ismail Dehlawi and Syed Ahmed Brelvi are sung as Freedom Fighters, and Muzahids like Allama Fazl-e Haq ‘s ( R.A.)  sacrifice and contribution  in the freedom movement are being suppressed by !. Mawlana Manzoor Nomani al Deobandi writes  about his Grand Shaykh Shah Ismail Dehlawi that   It is very famous that he did not proclaim any Jihad against British, instead in his meeting at Calcutta or Patna he gave his consent for supporting british government and this is also well known that british government also supported him at many instances (AL FURQAN , SHAHEED NUMBER , 1355 AH , PAGE 78). Mirza Hairat Dehalvee al Deobandi confesse about his Imam Shah Ismail Dehlawi in Hayate Tayyeba that “ In Calcutta , when Mawlana Ismaeel was giving lecture about Jihad and about the atrocities of Sikh then some one stood up from the gathering and asked “ why don’t you give fatwa to do jihad against the britishers”. He replied” it is not wajib ( compulsory) to do any jihad with them .( aap ne jawab diya – un per jihad karna kisee tarah wajib nahee ). First of all we are under their shelter and secondly they do not make any hinderance in fulfilling our religious obligation. We all total freedom under this government . In fact if there is any attack on this government then it is FARD upon muslims to fight that enemy and save our BRITISH GOvernemtn from any kind of hardship “ .( Hayat tayyeba ,page 29 , farooqi printing press , delhi). Shah Ismail Dehlawi also said :  “ On what basis can we do Jihad against British government and kill our shariah law”? (mohammed jafar Thaneswari al Deobandi, Sawang Ahmedi , page 71)

             I salute the  gallant revolutionary  Allama Fazl-e Haq Khairabadi  ( R.A.) and all  unsung and unwept Muzahids of 1857 War of Independence and dedicate my book to them.