Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi writes : “During the revolt of 1857, the Ulama as a religious duty, issued the fatwa of jihad against the English; practically participated in the war; encouraged the Mujahideen and led the revolutionary insurgents. The most prominent among them was Maulana Ahmadullah Shah Madrasi who in compliance with the order of his Peer-o-Murshid (Spiritual mentor) was leading a campaign against the English.The names of other leading Ulama who played a pivotal roles in the revolt of 1857 are as follows: Mufti Sadruddin Azurda, Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi, Maulana Faiz Ahmad Badayuni, Maulana Kifayat Ali Kafi Moradabadi, Maulana wahhajjuddin Moradabadi, Mufti Inayat Ahmad Kakorvi, Moulana Rahmatullah Kairanvi, Maulana Dr. Wazir Khan Akkarabadi, and Maulana Imam Baksh Sahbai Dehlavi. According to books dealing with the revolt, around fifteen thousand Ulama were martyred during the War of Independence in 1857.
The above mentioned Ulama were ideologically and practically inspired, in one way or the other, by the following Ulama who were their predecessors also.Hazrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlavi (d.1176/1762) (2) Hazrat Mirza Mazhar Jaan-i-Jaanan Mujaddidi Dehlavi (d.1195/1781) (3) Hazrat shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlavi (d.1239/1824) (4) Hazrat Qazi Sana’ullah Panipati (d.1225/1810) (5) Hazrat shah Rafiuddin Muhaddith Dehlwi (d.1233/1818) (6) Hazrat Mufti Iwaz Barelwi (d.1236/1821) (7) Hazrat Mufti Sharfuddin Rampur (d.1268/1852) [ Ref : Some Prominent Ulema of 1857 Revolt By Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi, Founder Darul Qalam Delhi)]
“The English prepared a scheme to Christianize all the Indian inhabitants. It was their belief that the Indians would not be able to find any helper and cooperator, and therefore save submit and obey, they would not have the nerve to defy them. The English had thoroughly realized that the ruler’s variance from the ruled on the basis of religion would be a great stumbling block in the way of domination and possession. Hence they began to indulge in all sorts of wiles and chicanery with complete diligence and assiduity, in their willful attempt to obliterate religion and the sense of nationhood. To teach small children and the ignorant and to inculcate their language and religion, they established schools in towns and villages and made an all out effort to wipe out the old sciences and academic attainments.” [^darululoom-deoband via Wikipedia]
Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi writes : “Allama Fazle Haq Khairadabadi (1212/1791-1278/1861) was the son of Allama Fazle Imam Farooqi Khairadabadi (d.1244/1829), the Sadrus Sudoor of Delhi. Allama Fazle Haq received his education in Islamic Sciences from Shah Abdul Qadir (d. 1230/1815) and Shah Abdul Aziz, the Muhaddith of Delhi (1239/1824) and in rational sciences from his father. At the age of 13, he completed his education and engaged himself in teaching. Then, he took up service with the government in 1815.
When, at the invitation of Faiz Mohammed Khan, the Nawab of Jhajjar (Punjab), he was leaving Delhi for Jhajjar, Bahadur Shah Zafar, expressing his deep sorrow and grief, gave him a Doshaalah (an embroidered Shawl/ a double folded shawl) and, with tearful eyes, saw him off. He also said. “ Since you are ready to leave, I have no choice but approve of your departure. But, Allah Knows well that it is extremely difficult for me to utter the word ‘Good-Bye’.” (Yaad Gaar-e-Ghalib, Dehli)
After his stay at Jhajjar, he was employed at Alwar, Tonk and Rampur. Then he went to Lucknow and became the Sadrus Sudoor and Mohtamim-i-Huzoor-i-Tehsil (official in charge of a tehsil). He was also a Sar-rishtadar (magistrate) in Delhi also. He held a post at Saharanpur too. He wrote some very important books. He also produced disciples who latter on became well known scholars of their age.
There was a fast friendship among Mufti Sadruddin Azurda Dehlavi, Allama Fazle Haq Khairadabadi, and Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib. It was Allama’s advice and selection that helped Ghalib arrange his ‘Diwan-i-Ghalib’. According to Mohammed Husain Azad, this is the very version which the readers hold dear these days. (Aab-i-Hayat, Delhi) the houses of Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi and Mufti Sadruddin Azurda were the meeting places of the Ulama, Poets, and literary figures.
When the revolt broke out in 1857, he came from Alwar to Delhi several times and met Bahadur Shah Zafar. This continued since May. Then, when General Bakht Khan, along with his fourteen thousand soldiers, came for Bareilly to Delhi, according to Munshi Zaka’ullah of Delhi, Allama delivered a speech in front of the Ulama in the Jamia Masjid after the Friday prayer. He put fourth an istifta (query seeking legal advice on a point of religious importance) before the Ulama the fatwa (legal advice/ opinion ) was signed by Mufti Sadruddin Azurda, Maulvi Abdul Qadir, Qazi Faizullah Dehlavi, Maulana Faiz Ahmed Badayuni, Dr. Maulvi Wazir Khan Akbarabadi, Syed Mubaraksha Rampuri as soon as these fatwa was published disturbance and tumult intensified throughout the country. Some ninety thousand soldiers gathered in delhi. (Zak’ullah, Taarikh-i-‘Urooj-i-Saltanat-i-Englishiah, Delhi)
When the English regained their control over Delhi, Allama Fazle Haq left Delhi and went to Awadh. A case was filed against him in 1859. He was tried to in a court for rebellion and was sentenced to imprisonment in Kaala Paani (Andaman Nicobar). He himself defended his case and declared in the court that it was he who had issued the fatwa of jihad and stuck to his stand. Maulana Abdul Haq (1244/1828-1316/1898), the son of Allama Fazle Haq, was the principal of Madrasa Alia in Calcutta. W.W. Hunter writes about him: He (Abdul Haq) is the son of the rebel Alim whom the government has sentenced to imprisonment in the Kaala Paani (Andaman Nicobar) and whose library was confiscated and brought to Calcutta. (W.W. Hunter, Hamare Hindustani Mussalamaan,[Urdu] p.203, Delhi)
Maulana Abdul Shahid Shervani of Aligarh, the biographer of Allama and translator of his famous book ‘ Al-Sauratul Hindia’ (the Indian Mutiny) writes, “ Maulana Abdul Haq Khairabadi had made his last will that he should be informed in his grave when the English would leave the country. Therefore, Syed Najmul Hasan Rizvi, along with a big crowd, visited the grave in the Dargaah-i-Makhdoomiah, at Khairabad in Sitapur and read the Fatiha after Milaad Shareef. (Muqadimmah (Introduction to) Zubadatul Hikmah, p.12, Aligarh, 1949) Allamah Fazle Haq Passed away in Andaman Nicobar (Kaala Paani) in 1861 and was buried over there. [Some Prominent Ulema of 1857 Revolt By Allama Yaseen Akhtar MIsbahi, Founder Darul Qalam Delhi)]
Madam Polonaskaya, An Honourable Member of Science Academy of Soviet Union, shed light on the political activities of Allama Fazle Haq ( R.A.) and emphasized that Allama Khairabadi’s social and political goal were to liberate India from the bondage of the imperialist British. ( Ref: Fortnightly Soviet Desh, 10th July 1958). Renowned Journalist of Delhi Mr. Chunilal wrote that “Moulvi Fazle Haq instigated the masses through his speech.” ( Ref: Akhbare Delhi Page 273 File No. 127). Deobandi Scholars Maulana Hussain Ahmrd Madni, Mustaqim Ahsan Hamidi, Golam Rasul Meher , Golam Ahmed Mortuza, Maulana Mohiuddin Khan etc. also discussed Allama Fazle Haq’s indomitable movement in their books Naqshe Hayat, Bagiye Hindustan, 1857 Ke Muzahid etc.
I salute the gallant revolutionary Allama Fazl-e Haq Khairabadi ( R.A.) and all unsung and unwept Muzahids of 1857 War of Independence and dedicate my book to them.